you will find the a list of supplies and equipment for subsurface investigations.
It is our intent that organizations and individuals can use this list to better
prepare to go into the field, to be safe, productive and comfortable while conducting
Draft List was developed by several colleagues and I, who have had the opportunity
to visit thousands of active contaminated sites, globally since the 1980s, and
review hundreds of organizations standard operating procedures, but it is
a dynamic document and not finished. If you feel the list is not complete or you
feel some commentary is required, your detailed additions and constructive comments
are welcome. Useful would be hyperlinks to suppliers that you recommend or rationales
for specific pieces of equipment or pictures.
For taking the
time to review and providing feedback please accept the LinkedIn
Registration - Sessions Rate at the bottom of this list
for the 24th Annual Contaminated Site Management
Course being held in Toronto from June 3-7, 2019, for
you or any of your colleagues as my thanks and gratitude for your
time and your contribution. This offer is valid until April 1, 2019.
you have any questions or comments or links to source material, then please do
not hesitate to contact me. I can be reached at:
or at +1 (416) 259-6911 or
You can join me on LinkedIn
Thank you. Regards,
Field Kit or
Supplies for Subsurface Investigations
Materials should be laid out on a tarp and tested prior to leaving the office
to ensure that all equipment or materials are present and in working order. The
reverse should occur when departing from the site to ensure that all materials
are accounted for. This is especially important for remote location work. Photographs
should be taken at each point.
Printed Material and Writing
(Note: All this material should be also be scanned and
present on your field portable smartphone or computer)
in weather (water) proof complete container or work case.
- Clip board
& safety information
- Scope of work
- Health and safety plan
and site map
- Air photos
- Site plan - sampling locations
- All paperwork for up-to-date utility locates
- Sign - in sheets (Daily + overall arrival/departure dates)
MSDS Folder and WHMIS Labels
- Safety signage and applicable field forms
Procedures/standard operating procedures (May be Electronic)
Soil classification table and charts - Include Munsell Soil and Rock Colour books/charts.
Truck Capacity and Stockpile/Confirmatory Sampling Guide
- McCullough Geo
Guide Card and Geotechnical Gauge
- Glued References for Grain Size and
Angularity ("Sand Card" - Geological Society of America GRN001)
book (Water proof pages) - Rite In the Rain - Field Book
- Notebook (Water
- Borehole/monitoring, well development and Purging Forms/Records,
Low flow and other sampling forms sampling forms weather proof paper
and field form binder
- Aquifer test data forms (when conducting slug tests)
and permanent marking Pens and Pencils (Minimum 2 each)
- Paper clips, elastic
bands, envelopes, etc.
- Extra large zip lock bags to protect documents
Note: You will not able to take all of these into the field with
you. Identify the scope of work and issues you may face at your site. Plan, develop
contingencies and select your tools on what you can use efficiently and effectively.
- Bailer Retriever (Conbar 5430 or Heavy duty fishing line or stainless
steel wire (aircraft cable) and a large fishing lure (with barbs removed) to retrieve
lost bailers, tubing or broken interface probes from down a well)
- Blank Tags (or Valve Tags & Stamps)
- Bolt Snaps
end and pipe wrenches
- Bung wrench
- Cable ties
- Cave Line
(High-Vis Dacron or #24 Nylon)
- Chain Wrench (oil filter wrench)
- Channel Lock Pliers (Slip Joint Plier)
Stainless Steel Bowls
- Compass - Bruynton or Clar-type
- Crowbar, Cats Paw or Stanley Fubar Demo Tool
- Discharge Hose/Waterra
Bailers (1L or 200mL), 1.6" O.D.
- Dremel (Hi Speed Rotary Tool)
tape and/or Waterproof Duct Tape (Gorilla Tape)
- Electrical Tape or Self-Fusing
Silicone Tape (Tommy Tape)
- Engineer's Scales (Imperial and Metric as Appropriate)
- Field Vane and Torque Wrench
- Garbage Bags - Clear
- Grundfos Redi-Flo 3
- Hand and/or Ice Auger - latter
is a Canadian thing
- Hand Lens (Loupe - Ruper, Hastings, Coddington)
- Internal pipe cut-off tool (cut off 2" and
4" PVC from INSIDE the pipe)
- Inverter (12 v Car Battery to 120 VAC)
- Keys for well locks
- Kolor Kut Gasoline Gauging
- Large Crescent Wrench (Monkey Wrench)
- Large In-line Filters (0.45 micron)
Treble Fishing Hook and Several Meters of High Test and/or Steel Leader (Fishing
- Magnetic or Adhesive Vehicle Door Logos
key (read bolt cutters)
- Measuring Wheel
- Min 30 m steel or fibre-glass
reel measuring tape divided in 0.01 m or less
- Min. 15 ft steel tape divided
in 0.01 ft intervals (Decimal feet for Rock Logging: e.g., Lufkin HV1034DM)
(Saw, Scissors, Phillips - e.g., Leatherman)
- Pad Locks
- Paint Pen
(for permanently marking metal) for well identification
- Peristaltic Pump
Drill (as necessary)
- Plastic geotech sample bags
- Pocket Penetrometer
- Pre-Printed Field Forms, Partially Completed Labels
or E-tool (Entrenching Tool: Folding Pick and Shovel)
- PVC Typhoon 12V
- Rare Earth Magnet (Magnetic Pick Up - Store Away from Electronic
- Rebar "T" Handle for Manhole & Catchbasin
- Sampling tools, usually a split spoon is preferred or thin-walled
(or Shelby) tubes.
- Screwdriver flat and Philips head
- Screws for
attaching well ID plate.
- Sheet Metal Shears
- Silicon Friction radiator
hose repair tape
- Small propane torch for heating rusted, iced-in or frozen
well casing bolts
- Small Allen Key Set
- Small Dropper bottle with
Dilute HCL (Carbonate Test)
- Small Hand Axe
- Small Socket Set
- Spade/Shovel/Trenching Shovel ("Sharp Shooter")
- Spares (in Ziploc) - J-plugs for 1 1/4" PVC
(in Ziploc) - J-plugs for 2" PVC
- Spares (in Ziploc) - One (1) metre
silastic tubing (geopump head tubing: 16mm (5/8") OD)
- Spares (in
Ziploc) - three (3) Ea. Waterra D-25, D-16 and D-13 Foot valves
Kit - Absorbant Pads
- Spool of General Purpose 16 mm Nylon Twine (#18)
steel/Teflon for metals soil sampling tools (trowel or shovel)
Edge, Protractor or Steel Carpenters/Machinist's Protractor
- Strap on tool
- Sudan IV or Oil Red O (Shake Flask Free Product Test - Historical)
measured in 0.1 cm increments (weighted)
- Teflon Tape
- Torx and
- Tubing Cutter
- Turkey Baster - for removing minor
water inflow or snow/ice melt in to a flush-mount well casing (provided well is
not compromised so as to prohibit sampling)
- Vise Grips
- Wash bottle
- Water Containment Drums - Twenty-litre bucket(s), with graduated markings
to collect and measure quantity of well purge water; and a funnel to transfer
purge water to containment drum
- Water Level meter/interface probe - for
measuring water levels and product thickness in wells
- Well Cap Tool (aka
the small bronze "T" handle)
- Well tool or a set of hex keys
speed Metre (Kestrel or Speedtech, w/ or w/o thermo, baro. and rel. humidity)
- "Goon Spoon" - Extended Spoon for Soil
Collection on Borehole Wall
- (Rock) Hardness Pick Set
- 1/4" LDPE Tubing & Special SS-10 (micro) footvalves
(30 m) Interface Probe
- 12 V Lead-Acid Battery
- 20 oz. or 22 oz.
Geologist's Hammer (Estwing)
- 25 metre tape measure
- 3/8" LDPE
36" Bolt Cutters
- 5 Pound Sledge and 1' to 2 ' rebar pieces
Waterra HDPE / LDPE Tubing
- 5-metre tape measure (for strapping in drill
rods - some are not standard length - and measuring from a reference point on
drill to the ground surface for depth measurement control).
- Plastic bags (or equivalent, zip lock) for soil vapour measurements
large Construction/commercial Grade Garbage bags for disposal and/or ground cover
(5'x8' or 8'x10') - for ground but also to line inside or trunk of car or truck
for transport of materials
- Field portable table
- Painting drop
sheets for borehole logging or profiling and/or protective ground cover.
Stakes to hold down tarp or ground cover
- Traffic Control Equipment (Minimum
four collapsible pylons)
Survey or location/delineation
- Survey stakes
- Flagging Tape
Tape (Barricade Tape)
- Spray Paint, Orange (double-bagged in Ziploc)
Tape (Two colors)
- Utility Survey Flags (Two colors - 14-18 inch)
cooler, ice cubes/freezer packs, and laboratory chain-of-custody forms and extras
- Packing Tape
- Pre-labeled containers if weather
is inclement (precipitation or temperature extreme issues)
prepared sample bottles for each parameter and media to be tested.
- High-pressure steamer/cleanser (optional) (request from drilling
- Long and short-handled bristle brushes
- Paper Towels
- Phosphate Free Detergent
- Alconox or Liguinox
water - 20 Litres minimum
- Hand brush for boots
- Spray Bottle (s)
Water (Approx. 1 Gallon)
- Analytical grade propanol or methanol (decon)
5 Gallon Buckets (Min. 2)
- Graduated Bucket or Large (2 L or larger) Cylinder
case for Field Portable Computer/Tablet with satellite or wireless network connections.
- Battery Backups for electronics or car chargers and lots of batteries
Phone with waterproof case - tethering enabled
- Camera and Video Camera
(Smart Phone) (Waterproof Case for camera would be beneficial) - GPS enabled,
Time/Date Stamp "On")
- Recreational-Grade WAAS enabled personal
- Infrared add-on for Smart Phone (i.e. FLIR)
- Ultraviolet light
or black light
- Waterproof Flashlight (Pelican or Mag) and/or Headlamp
- Calibrated Photoionization Detector (PID) (ppbRAE/MiniRAE
or similar) &/or Drager Tubes w/ Pump or FID (depending on weather) and/or
Gastechtor (as applicable)
- Personal Gas Monitor w/ O2 and H2S capacity
("4 gas"; "Confined Space Monitor", QRAE, GX-2009 or similar)
- YSI or Hanna Multi-Parameter Monitoring Sonde
pH/EC/Temp and/or ORP "Pens"
- Colourmetric Field Kits (e.g.,
for Ferric vs. Ferrous Iron)
- Soil Moisture Meter
- Metal Detector
to find flush-mount well casings under snow, ice or gravel (Large stainless steel
nuts & bolts - place one set inside a flush-mount well casing so you can find
the well with your metal detector when it's covered with snow and ice)
access - i.e., wireless hub
- Downhole camera - (GO Pro will work)
- Supply of drinking water (1 day - minimum four litres)
- only in clean area after decontamination
- Flats of Drinking Water or
(Preferred) Carboys and Personal Bottles
- Food Supply (1 day) - - only
in clean area after decontamination
- Sanitary Wipes (Baby Wipes) - they
work on everything
- Toilet Paper
- Sun protection, cool down or warm
up area or rain protection - Tent, Cover, etc.
- Waterproof Duffle Bag
Foot and Body Warmers
- Back pack with rain cover.
Sense - When in doubt reach out and contact someone.
Safety Plan or Project Health & Safety Checklist
NOTE: All field
personnel must have completed their First Aid Training as well as a HAZWOPER 40-hour
course that has been reviewed and accepted by OSHA and/or taken their yearly refresher.
Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal protective equipment is designed
to protect against safety and/or health hazards. When operations and/or policies
dictate their use, such equipment is mandatory.
Basic personal protective
equipment may include but not limited to:
Head Protection - CSA/ANSI
approved hard hat (Class E, Unexpired. Reflective Tape. Last Name on Rear Exterior)s
will be worn on all projects requiring them at all times with neck protection.
Sun Hat with neck guard when hard hat not required.
Protection - CSA/ANSI approved footwear should be worn on all projects at
all times. Foot protection should be decontaminated before entering any vehicles/structures
or leaving the dirty zone and/or leaving the sites.
- Boot wash with
a brush to remove soil/contamination, should be situated at the entrance to the
first stage of the decontamination unit or be used prior to entering a vehicle
or exiting the site.
- Note some sites require full shank muckers (especially
mine sites and oil rigs)
- One pair of leather boots (dry environments)
with boot bag or case.
- One pair of chemical resistant rubber boots (wet
environments or liquid phase present) with boot bag or case.
- Kneepads -- those of you with bad knees will appreciate
this when kneeling on wet, rough or frozen ground around flush-mount wells
Protection - Work areas should be ventilated to reduce hazards from dust,
fumes, gases or vapours.
- Where ventilation is not practical, workers
must be provided with respirators appropriate to the hazard and be trained to
use and maintain the respirators properly.
Eye and Face Protection
- CSA/ANSI approved safety glasses with side shields, goggles or face shield must
be worn by any employee who is exposed to the hazard of eye or face injury in
the performance of his/her work. Eye wash station (some times rigs do not have
this and if sampling required
Hearing Protection - CSA/ANSI approved
hearing protection must be worn when the sound level in the work area exceeds
permissible exposure limits. Select ear plugs or muffs based upon expected noise
Hand Protection - Appropriate gloves must be worn when handling
rough, sharp or hot objects and caustics, acids, solvents, concrete or chemicals.
i.e. Work gloves/rubber gloves/ industrial (NOT medical or food grade) nitrile
gloves or Chemical rated gloves (not nitrile). Some sites require Kevlar gloves
when using cutting tools (knives, scissors, and snips etc.).- Cut-Resistant Work
Clothing - High visibility apparel ("Do not hit me"
or "I am not lost I am here" Vests) should be worn as well as cover
that is appropriate for the exposure that may be encountered (Tyvek suit and/or
(insulated/vented) coverall or overall). Disposable Level D (Tyvek - for Dust
& Spray) or Level C (Tychem/Chemtex/Pyrolon - for Splash) Coveralls at a minimum
in the field.
Clothing shall be inspected for contamination and either bagged
for commercial laundry or stored for use the following day or disposed of appropriately.
No personal protection clothing worn on sites should be worn off-site or into
personal vehicles. Storage bag for field clothing.
Short sleeves and shorts
are not permitted on a site unless under coveralls or tyvek suits . Shirts should
be button down with rear neck protection and front storage pocket - vents or wickable
panels under shoulders always preferred. Jeans although easy to find are not usually
acceptable at most sites as there is a tendency to get into vehicles or leave
site wearing potentially contaminated clothing. When jeans get wet they are wet
and heavy and uncomfortable all day. Three pairs of light weight hiking pants
to keep you cool and comfortable and dry quickly if wet weigh less then one pair
of jeans and take up less space.
Change of under clothes (wool socks,
Change of shirt and pants.
Fire Extinguisher in vehicle.- UL Rated
ABC Fire Extinguisher (Min 5 lb; 20 lb in vehicle preferred)
Kits (one with field person and larger one in vehicle) - (incl. personal items
such as Aspirin/Ibuprofen, Sudafed, Gravol, etc that work for you).
1 First Aid Kit w/ Blankets (Shift of 2 - 5 Workers in a workplace of moderate
risk of injury and that is more than 20 Minutes travel time away from a hospital).
Fall Protection - When there is no other form of protection
from falling, personnel shall wear approved fall arrest equipment.
Safety Plan or Project Health & Safety Checklist
- Hand washing
brush with nail scrubber.
- Air Horn or signal whistle (Fox 40, Windstorm
- Sunblock, lip balm and insect repellent
and directions to nearest hospital, police and fire hall
- MSDS sheets
on all potential contaminants, chemicals and materials being used (sand, bentonite,
- All should be put into the site health and safety field
This list is
not complete and/or detailed without your comments or feedback.
Please join me on LinkedIn or email any
comments on the above and in appreciation please receive this significantly
discounted rate for the course in June 2019.
Please contact me with any comments, thoughts or links to source material
at firstname.lastname@example.org or (416)
on LinkedIn at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/gareth-owen-a4894a6.
" Bill Leedham, P. Geo. QPESA, CESA
" Don Weir
" Randall Shaw
" Steve Gustafson, PG
" Kashif Hamid
" Pete Craig
" David Kolenko